27 Notable Bible Verses About the Sun (with Explanations)

The sun, as the radiant center of our solar system, holds a special place in human culture and spirituality. Throughout history, it has been a symbol of light, warmth, life, and even divinity.

In the Bible, the sun is a recurring motif rich in symbolism, carrying profound spiritual and metaphorical meanings. From the very beginning of creation to the promises of a glorious future, the sun’s presence and movement in the biblical narrative have captivated the imaginations of believers.

In this exploration, we will delve into various passages from the Scriptures that reference the sun.

Also Read: Bible Verses About Acceptance (with Explanations)

Bible Verses About the Sun

Psalm 19:1

“The heavens declare the glory of God; the skies proclaim the work of his hands.”

Psalm 19:1 beautifully captures the profound connection between the heavens, including the sun, and the divine Creator. It speaks to the universal testimony of the natural world, especially the celestial bodies, as vessels of God’s glory and craftsmanship.

The sun, as the radiant center of our solar system, plays a pivotal role in this proclamation. Its daily rise and fall, the warmth it provides, and the way it illuminates the world all serve as a testament to God’s creative power. This verse invites us to gaze upon the sunlit sky and recognize it as a canvas displaying the wondrous artistry of our Creator.

Genesis 1:16

“God made two great lights—the greater light to govern the day and the lesser light to govern the night. He also made the stars.”

Genesis 1:16 takes us back to the very beginning, where God, in His act of creation, brought the sun and the moon into existence. The sun, referred to as the greater light, was appointed to rule the day.

This verse underscores the deliberate design in the creation of the sun, positioning it as a source of light and warmth for the Earth. It reminds us of God’s sovereignty over the celestial bodies and how the sun’s existence is intricately woven into the fabric of our world.

Malachi 4:2

“But for you who revere my name, the sun of righteousness will rise with healing in its rays. And you will go out and frolic like well-fed calves.”

Malachi 4:2 uses the metaphor of the “sun of righteousness” to describe the blessings that await those who revere God’s name. This verse speaks of the sun not only as a physical source of light and warmth but also as a symbol of spiritual illumination and healing.

The sun’s rising rays are associated with the restoration and joy that come from a deep relationship with God. It evokes images of a new dawn and the renewal of life, much like the sun rising at the start of a new day.

Ecclesiastes 1:5

“The sun rises and the sun sets, and hurries back to where it rises.”

Ecclesiastes 1:5 reflects on the cyclical nature of the sun’s movements, highlighting its daily journey from sunrise to sunset. This verse encapsulates the idea of the sun’s perpetual motion, mirroring the constant rhythm of life and time.

It invites contemplation about the fleeting nature of existence and the never-ending cycle of days. The sun’s predictable path in the sky serves as a reminder of the constancy of God’s creation, even amidst the transience of human life.

Matthew 5:45

“He causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous.”

Matthew 5:45, spoken by Jesus during the Sermon on the Mount, conveys a profound message of God’s indiscriminate care and provision. It uses the rising sun as a metaphor for God’s blessings, which are bestowed upon both the righteous and the unrighteous alike.

This verse reminds us that the sun’s warmth and light are universal, available to all, regardless of their moral standing. It challenges us to emulate God’s generosity by showing kindness and love to others, just as the sun shines upon everyone without distinction.

Psalm 84:11

“For the Lord God is a sun and shield; the Lord bestows favor and honor; no good thing does he withhold from those whose walk is blameless.”

Psalm 84:11 beautifully uses the metaphor of the sun to describe the nature of God’s blessings and protection. In this verse, the sun symbolizes God’s radiance and the source of divine favor and honor.

Just as the sun provides light, warmth, and sustenance to the earth, God shines His blessings upon those who walk in righteousness. The image of God as a “sun and shield” conveys His dual role as a source of illumination and as a protector, guarding His people from harm. It also assures us that God’s goodness is abundant, and He withholds no good thing from those who seek Him with sincerity.

Isaiah 60:20

“Your sun will never set again, and your moon will wane no more; the Lord will be your everlasting light, and your days of sorrow will end.”

Isaiah 60:20 paints a vivid picture of a future where the sun never sets, and the moon never wanes. This prophetic verse envisions a time when the Lord Himself will be the everlasting light for His people.

The imagery of an unceasing sun and an eternal day signifies the end of sorrow and darkness. It speaks of a future state of joy and perpetual enlightenment in the presence of God. The sun becomes a symbol of everlasting happiness and divine illumination, where God’s light dispels all shadows and grief.

Job 9:7

“He speaks to the sun and it does not shine; he seals off the light of the stars.”

Job 9:7 reflects the power and authority of God over the celestial bodies, including the sun. In this verse, the idea that God can command the sun not to shine illustrates His sovereignty over the natural world.

It emphasizes that God’s control extends even to the most powerful and brilliant objects in the universe. While this verse primarily addresses God’s ability to control natural phenomena, it also serves as a reminder of His authority over all aspects of creation, including the sun.

Jeremiah 31:35

“This is what the Lord says, he who appoints the sun to shine by day, who decrees the moon and stars to shine by night, who stirs up the sea so that its waves roar—the Lord Almighty is his name.”

Jeremiah 31:35 underscores God’s divine order in the natural world. It acknowledges God as the One who has appointed the sun to shine by day and the moon and stars to illuminate the night.

This verse emphasizes the precision and purpose in the placement and movement of celestial bodies. It serves as a reminder of God’s sovereign design in the cosmos and His role as the Creator who sustains the universe.

Ecclesiastes 11:7

“Light is sweet, and it pleases the eyes to see the sun.”

Ecclesiastes 11:7 presents a simple yet profound truth about the sun’s beauty and the delight it brings to human perception. This verse acknowledges the sweetness of light and the joy found in gazing upon the sun.

It encapsulates the universal appreciation for the sun’s warmth and radiance, which can uplift spirits and brighten even the darkest days. While not explicitly theological, this verse celebrates the sensory and aesthetic aspects of the sun, reminding us of the beauty and wonder inherent in God’s creation.

Psalm 113:3

“From the rising of the sun to its setting, the name of the Lord is to be praised.”

Psalm 113:3 exalts the name of the Lord from the rising of the sun to its setting. This verse emphasizes the universal and timeless nature of God’s praise. Just as the sun rises and sets every day, so should the praise and worship of God be continuous.

The sun’s daily journey across the sky serves as a reminder of God’s constancy and the perpetual need for gratitude and adoration. It encourages us to recognize that every moment is an opportunity to offer praise to the Creator, and the beauty of the sun’s movement underscores the majesty of God’s creation.

Matthew 13:43

“Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Whoever has ears, let them hear.”

Matthew 13:43 conveys a profound promise regarding the destiny of the righteous in the kingdom of God. This verse uses the imagery of shining like the sun to describe the glory and radiance that awaits those who are righteous and faithful.

It suggests that in the presence of God, the righteous will radiate with a brilliance akin to the sun. This metaphor symbolizes the transformation and eternal joy that believers can anticipate in the kingdom of their Father. It calls upon all to listen and heed the message of hope and ultimate transformation.

Psalm 84:11

“For the Lord God is a sun and shield; the Lord bestows favor and honor; no good thing does he withhold from those whose walk is blameless.”

Psalm 84:11 presents a powerful image of the Lord as both a sun and a shield. This verse underscores the dual role of God as the source of illumination and protection for His people.

The sun represents God’s radiant favor and honor, while the shield symbolizes His safeguarding presence. The promise that God withholds no good thing from those who walk blamelessly before Him reaffirms His faithfulness and benevolence. Just as the sun provides light and warmth, God bestows blessings and goodness upon those who trust in Him.

Isaiah 60:1

“Arise, shine, for your light has come, and the glory of the Lord rises upon you.”

Isaiah 60:1 is a call to action, urging believers to arise and shine because the light of the Lord has come. This verse serves as a beacon of hope and encouragement, signaling the arrival of divine illumination and glory.

The imagery of light dispelling darkness reflects the power of God’s presence to bring clarity, joy, and purpose. This verse invites believers to embrace the light of God’s glory and let it shine through their lives.

Genesis 15:12

“As the sun was setting, Abram fell into a deep sleep, and a thick and dreadful darkness came over him.”

Genesis 15:12 depicts a significant moment in the life of Abram (later known as Abraham). As the sun was setting, Abram fell into a deep sleep, and darkness enveloped him. This verse marks the beginning of a divine covenant between God and Abraham, where God made promises and revealed His plan.

The juxtaposition of the setting sun and the darkness signifies a transitional moment, where God’s purpose and promises are unveiled. It highlights the profound encounters with God that can occur during moments of transition and darkness in our lives, reminding us that even in the shadows, God’s divine plans are at work.

Joshua 10:13

“So the sun stood still, and the moon stopped, until the nation took vengeance on their enemies. Is this not written in the Book of Jashar? The sun stopped in the midst of heaven and did not hurry to set for about a whole day.”

Joshua 10:13 recounts a remarkable event in which, at Joshua’s request, the sun stood still, and the moon stopped for about a whole day. This miraculous occurrence served as a sign of God’s intervention and support in a crucial battle.

It reaffirms the idea that God can suspend or alter the laws of nature to fulfill His purposes. This verse invites contemplation on the extraordinary ways in which God can work in our lives, reminding us that He is the ultimate authority over all creation.

Revelation 7:16

“They shall hunger no more, neither thirst anymore; the sun shall not strike them, nor any scorching heat.”

Revelation 7:16 offers a glimpse of the future state of believers in God’s presence. In this verse, the sun is mentioned in the context of God’s care and protection. It assures us that in the heavenly realm, there will be no hunger, thirst, or harm from the sun’s scorching heat.

This imagery portrays the eternal comfort, sustenance, and shelter that God provides to those who are with Him. It conveys the idea of God as a loving shepherd who safeguards His flock from all forms of suffering.

Matthew 17:2

“And he was transfigured before them, and his face shone like the sun, and his clothes became white as light.”

Matthew 17:2 describes the Transfiguration of Jesus, where His appearance was transformed, and His face shone like the sun. This remarkable event revealed Jesus’ divine nature to His disciples. The comparison of His face to the sun underscores the extraordinary radiance and glory emanating from Him.

This verse speaks to the concept of Jesus as the Light of the world, illuminating the path to God. It also highlights the transformative power of encountering God’s presence, which can change our perception and understanding of Him. The radiant image of Jesus in this moment symbolizes the spiritual enlightenment and revelation that come through faith in Him.

Psalm 104:19

“He made the moon to mark the seasons, and the sun knows when to go down.”

Psalm 104:19 eloquently describes the precision and orderliness of God’s creation. It acknowledges God’s wisdom in establishing the moon’s role in marking seasons and the sun’s reliable pattern of setting at the appointed time.

This verse emphasizes the harmony and predictability present in the natural world, highlighting God’s sovereignty over the celestial bodies. The sun’s consistent behavior, knowing when to go down, serves as a testament to the Creator’s meticulous design. It encourages us to contemplate the dependable rhythms of the universe and recognize the divine intelligence behind them.

Ecclesiastes 8:15

“So I commend the enjoyment of life because there is nothing better for a person under the sun than to eat and drink and be glad. Then joy will accompany them in their toil all the days of the life God has given them under the sun.”

Ecclesiastes 8:15 offers wisdom on finding joy and contentment in the midst of life’s toils and challenges. The phrase “under the sun” is repeated throughout the book of Ecclesiastes, emphasizing life in the physical, earthly realm.

In this verse, it suggests that one of the greatest sources of happiness is to appreciate the simple pleasures of life, such as eating, drinking, and finding gladness in everyday experiences. The sun is mentioned as a symbol of the temporal and earthly nature of human existence. It reminds us that while we live our earthly lives, we should seek and cherish moments of joy, for they are a gift from God.

Psalm 113:3

“From the rising of the sun to its setting, the name of the Lord is to be praised.”

Psalm 113:3 echoes the idea that God’s praise should resound continuously, from sunrise to sunset. This verse reinforces the notion that God’s glory is manifest throughout the entire day, reminding us of His unwavering presence and majesty.

Just as the sun’s journey spans the entire sky, so should our worship and acknowledgment of God’s name encompass our entire lives. This verse invites us to consider the unceasing nature of God’s praise and to cultivate a spirit of gratitude and adoration that endures throughout all our experiences.

Judges 5:31

“So may all your enemies perish, Lord! But may all who love you be like the sun when it rises in its strength.”

Judges 5:31 is part of Deborah’s song of victory, celebrating the defeat of Israel’s enemies. In this verse, the sun rising in its strength is used as a metaphor for the strength and radiance of those who love the Lord.

It conveys the idea that those who are faithful to God will shine with a powerful and unwavering light, much like the sun at its zenith. This verse encourages us to aspire to be strong and steadfast in our faith, dispelling darkness and advancing righteousness in our lives.

Isaiah 38:8

“I will make the shadow cast by the sun go back the ten steps it has gone down on the stairway of Ahaz.'”

Isaiah 38:8 records a miraculous sign given to King Hezekiah as a confirmation of his healing and the extension of his life. In response to Hezekiah’s plea, God caused the shadow cast by the sun to move backward, reversing its course on the stairway of Ahaz. This astonishing event underscores God’s ability to intervene in the natural order to demonstrate His power and grace.

It serves as a reminder that God can perform extraordinary acts to affirm His promises and fulfill His purposes. While not a common occurrence, it exemplifies the extraordinary ways in which God can work in the lives of His people, bringing about signs and wonders.

Psalm 113:3

“From the rising of the sun to its setting, the name of the Lord is to be praised.”

Psalm 113:3 is a simple yet profound reminder of the continuous and universal nature of God’s praise. It calls upon people to honor and glorify the name of the Lord from the moment the sun rises to the moment it sets. This verse draws a parallel between the daily journey of the sun across the sky and the ceaseless praise that should ascend to God. Just as the sun’s light spans the entire earth, so should the worship and adoration of God encompass all aspects of our lives.

The rising sun symbolizes the beginning of a new day, a fresh start, and the opportunity for renewal. The setting sun marks the end of a day, a time for reflection and gratitude for the day that has passed.

Job 9:7

“He speaks to the sun, and it does not shine; he seals off the light of the stars.”

Job 9:7 offers a glimpse into the extraordinary power and authority of God over the natural world, particularly the celestial bodies. The verse describes God’s ability to command the sun, causing it not to shine, and to seal off the light of the stars. This portrayal emphasizes the sovereignty of God as the Creator and Sustainer of the cosmos.

The sun, in its brilliance and radiance, is a symbol of light, warmth, and life itself. It is a source of illumination and energy that governs the rhythms of our planet.

Revelation 7:16

“They shall hunger no more, neither thirst anymore; the sun shall not strike them, nor any scorching heat.”

Revelation 7:16 is a glimpse into the future state of those who have found refuge in God’s presence. It paints a picture of a realm where hunger, thirst, and the harsh rays of the sun have no place.

This verse symbolizes the idea of complete satisfaction, sustenance, and protection in God’s eternal kingdom.

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What Does the Bible Say About the Sun

The Bible mentions the sun numerous times, both as a celestial body created by God and as a symbol with various spiritual and metaphorical meanings.

Here are some key aspects of what the Bible says about the sun:

Creation of the Sun: In the account of creation found in Genesis 1, God created the sun on the fourth day to rule the day, providing light and separating it from the darkness of night (Genesis 1:14-19). This highlights God’s role as the Creator and the source of all light.

The Sun as a Symbol of God’s Glory: Throughout the Bible, the sun is used metaphorically to represent God’s glory and radiance. In passages like Psalm 84:11 and Isaiah 60:20, the sun symbolizes God’s everlasting light and His presence, signifying His unchanging nature and divine illumination.

The Sun in End-Times Prophecies: In prophetic passages like Malachi 4:2 and Revelation 7:16, the sun is used to symbolize a future state of glory and blessing. It represents the eternal joy and absence of sorrow in God’s presence.

A Short Prayer on the Sun

Heavenly Father,

As we explore the symbolism of the sun in Your Holy Word, we are reminded of the profound ways in which You use the elements of creation to teach us spiritual truths. Just as the sun provides light, warmth, and life to our world, may Your Word illuminate our hearts and minds with Your divine truth, bringing clarity to our understanding.

We pray, Lord, that You help us recognize Your constancy and sovereignty, mirrored in the rising and setting of the sun. May we trust in Your unwavering presence in our lives, even in the midst of challenges and uncertainties.

Guide us, O Lord, to find solace in the promise of an eternal sunrise, where Your light will forever banish the shadows of sorrow and despair. Let us eagerly anticipate the day when we will bask in the warmth of Your everlasting love.

Lord, as we delve into the symbolism of the sun, may we draw closer to You, the ultimate source of all light and life. Illuminate our souls with Your wisdom, grace, and boundless love. May we reflect Your radiance in our lives, shining Your light to dispel darkness wherever we go.

We offer this prayer with hearts filled with gratitude for the spiritual lessons You provide through the sun’s symbolism in Your Word. May we walk in the light of Your truth, guided by the Son of God, our Savior, Jesus Christ.

In His name, we pray.